Numbness and Tingling

Overview

Usually, numbness and tingling can be termed as unusual prickling sensations, which can take part in any portion of your body. People will notice such sensations in the legs, arms, feet, and hands. There are so many things that can cause this feeling, including falling asleep on your arm, sitting with legs crossed for a long time, and more.

In case the numbing sensation persists, and without any cause behind the feeling, then it might be the result of any injury or disease like carpal tunnel syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and more. The treatments will vary based on the diagnosis. Medically, numbness and tingling are called paresthesia.

Plan Consultation

Symptoms

Most of the time left arm numbness and tingling can take place when you sit in one position for a long time. It will lead to that pins and needles sensation. Numbness not just occurs in your right and left arms, but in your hands, legs, and even in feet. It can happen in any part of your body. You might experience some added symptoms alongside numbness. Any symptom that you notice occurring with numbness can help the doctor to make a proper diagnosis. Some of the symptoms that might occur with numbness are:

  • Anxiety
  • Frequent urination
  • Burning feeling
  • Increase in tingling or numbness while walking
  • Itchiness
  • Lower back pain
  • Neck pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Pain in other body parts
  • Prickling sensation
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Rash

In some instances, numbness might occur with some other symptoms, indicating serious life-threatening conditions. During that instance, it is better to evaluate in an emergency setting immediately. Some of the life-threatening symptoms exhibiting with numbness are:

  • Non-reactivity to light or abnormal pupil size
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Loss of consciousness or confusion for a brief moment
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of vision
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Numbness followed by back, neck, or head injury
  • Slurred speech
  • Paralysis
  • Weakness

Causes

There are multiple things, which can cause numbness and tingling in the hand and feet. Sometimes, your daily activities can cause numbness, like standing or sitting in one position for too long, sitting with legs crossed, or falling asleep on arms. All these points result in pressurizing the nerves. Once you start moving, the numbness starts to fade away. There are some other conditions, which can cause the same tingling feeling. Some of those are:

  • Toxins found in seafood
  • Animal or insect bite
  • Abnormal level of potassium, calcium, sodium, or Vitamin B12
  • Medications, mainly those related to chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

Sometimes, specified injury can cause tingling or numbness like inured neck nerve or herniated disc within the spine. Placing pressure on the nerve is a common cause. Some of the points that can place pressure on the nerve are scar tissue, carpal tunnel syndrome, infection, enlarged blood vessels, or tumors. Similarly, swelling or inflammation of the brain or spinal cord will cause pressure on either one or more nerves. There are some other diseases, which can produce tingling and numbness. Those are:

  • Neuropathy
  • Diabetes
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon
  • Migraine
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Stroke or mini-stroke
  • Seizures
  • Underactive thyroid
  • Hardened arteries

When to See A Physiotherapist

Everyone feels numbness or burning sensation at one point in the lives. Usually, those sensations will fade away once you start moving. But, you better consult a doctor for numbness and tingling in the legs if there is no obvious cause behind the tingling sensation. Sometimes, you might have a rash, feel dizzy, or have muscle spasms. Visiting a physiotherapist for the right treatment is a good call.

Let your doctor know if the tingling sensation starts to get worse when you walk or if you are urinating more than usual. In some instances, tingling can indicate some serious medical conditions or injuries.

Risks

As tingling and the numbing sensation go away quite easily within few minutes, people tend to ignore the problems and never thought of visiting a doctor. But, if the sensation continues even after moving, then it is better to contact the professionals right away. If you don’t do that, then simple numbing or tingling sensations can lead to some serious risks. Some of those are:

  • Not being able to move or walk
  • Head, back, or neck injury
  • Loss of proper consciousness for a short amount of time
  • Feelings of confusion
  • Trouble thinking clearly
  • Vision problems
  • Slurred speech
  • The feeling of severe pain or weakness
  • Losing control of the bladder or bowels

How to Prevent

The easy way to prevent right arm numbness and tingling and anywhere in the body is by changing your present lifestyle habits. Some of the major points are listed below:

  • Getting proper Vitamin D and biotin through diet
  • Indulging into high fiber and low-fat diet
  • Taking regular exercise classes
  • Learning ways to cope up with cold and heat
  • Having a proper sleep schedule
  • Avoiding or limiting smoking and alcohol
  • Managing and reducing stress
  • Limiting salt intake
  • Maintaining healthy body weight
  • Avoiding sharing food with people exposed to infectious conditions
  • Avoiding radiation exposure
  • Managing stress


Treatments

The treatment of numbness and tingling depends a lot on the cause. Numbness associated with MS is not painful and pretty harmless. Vitamin B complex, Niacin, can help reduce inflammation and related numbness. For severe or painful numbness, the treatments will involve short corticosteroids rounds.

There are various medications designed for treating multiple conditions to reduce tingling and numbness. Those are gabapentin, pregabalin, carbamazepine, phenytoin and more.

Related Conditions

Apart from helping you with the tingling sensation, proper treatments can help you improve your vision, keep weakness and pain at bay and also help you to take complete control of your bladder and bowels. So, visit a reputed physiotherapist right away!

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you describe numbness?

Numbness mainly means loss of feeling or sensation to a certain body part for a restricted timeframe. It is accompanied by other sensations of burning or pins and needles feeling.

How much time will it take?

It all depends on the current condition of the patient and how severe it is.

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