Sciatica refers to nerve pain occurring due to an irritation or injury to the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain originates in the buttock, when people experience mild or severe pain in the sciatic nerve. However, pain may also begin from the lower back, and moves through the hips, buttocks and goes down the legs. It causes weakness in the muscles of the foot or leg, pins and needles-like symptoms on the toes, foot, and leg, and numbness in the legs. The pain may come and go, and it is usually more severe in the leg than the lower back, and it may feel more when standing up after long periods of sitting.
The condition mostly occurs when a bone spur or a herniated disk on the spine compresses a part of the sciatic nerve. Although the pain may be severe in this condition, treatment is largely non-invasive. Leg weakness and bowel or bladder changes might require surgery. The condition becomes more prominent with aging.
Sciatica refers to nerve pain occurring due to an irritation or injury to the sciatic nerve. The condition mostly occurs when a bone spur or a herniated disk on the spine compresses a part of the sciatic nerve.
Symptoms of Sciatica:
The pain usually moves from the lower part of the spine to the buttock, creating discomfort, and the symptoms are:
Causes of Sciatica:
Several medical conditions may cause this condition, such as:
When to See a Physiotherapist for Sciatica:
Physical therapy, including exercises, is a prominent treatment option for treating the pain due to a compressed sciatic nerve. The therapeutic treatment aims to treat the lower hip and back, leg pain, numbness, tingling sensation, and weakness in the thigh, leg, buttock, and foot.
The therapy provides relief from the symptoms, boosts the underlying condition's healing, and prevents future recurrence. The physiotherapists are trained to provide manual therapy, rehabilitation, and exercises for low back pain. Strengthening and mobilizing the tissues in the pelvis, lower back, buttocks, abdomen, and the thighs is the primary goal of the therapeutic treatment.
People with this condition need to go to a physical therapist to:
The therapist recommends the following exercises:
The therapists may use one or combine a few techniques to treat pain and provide comfort.
Complications often develop in this condition when pressure on the pressure on the nerve or spine is not relieved. The risks are:
When the pinched nerve becomes seriously injured, muscle weakness or drop foot makes walking severely restricted.
Even though it is a degenerative disk disease that is hard to prevent, the following steps protect the back and reduce the risks.
The treatment options include the following:
Nerve pain or neuropathic pain is caused due to nerve damage, and the types are focal neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, compression mononeuropathy, diabetic neuropathy, phantom limb syndrome, and trigeminal neuralgia.