Foot Pain

Overview

The foot pain is one common condition when you get to feel pain right under the heel or behind it. There are various conditions resulting in such pain, including Achilles or flexor tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, Bursitis, Stress fractures, inflamed tendons, and more. It is vital to have a medical evaluation immediately to help you determine the right cause of the heel or foot pain to start a proper treatment regimen. Foot or heel pain makes it really difficult to walk or even participate in daily activities. Most of these conditions will improve with non-surgical treatments, but it will take some time to recover completely.

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Symptoms

There are multiple foot pain reasons, but understanding the symptoms first is really important. It depends on the cause and underlying conditions or diseases. Some of the conditions that affect the feet are diabetic neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, and more. The symptoms will occur along with foot pain. Some of those options are:

  • Tingling or burning sensation
  • Bruising or bleeding
  • Joint pain
  • Numbness
  • Difficulty moving the ankle, foot, or toes
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling or edema of the joints of the foot

Sometimes, the foot pain is well accompanied by other symptoms related to other body systems. Those are leg pain, back pain, muscle cramps or spasms, pain, swelling, and stiffness of other joints.

In some other instances, foot pain might occur with other symptoms that will indicate some serious life-threatening conditions. Seek medical care immediately, if you feel:

  • Palpitations
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Paralysis or not able to move any body part
  • Breathing or respiratory problems like difficulty in breathing, breath shortness, labored breathing, choking, wheezing, or not breathing
  • Sudden severe headaches
  • Sudden vision change, eye pain, or loss of the vision

Causes

Damage or injury to any structure of the foot will be the foot pain causes. Diseases like arthritis, diabetes, or vascular disease are some of the complex procedures, which might lead to unwanted foot pain. Some of the causes are mentioned below:

Traumatic causes:

There are numbers of common injuries, which can result in foot pain. Some of those are:

  • Burns
  • Broken bones
  • Sprains and strains
  • Injuries with overuse
  • Stress fractures

Inflammatory causes:

Inflammation is another reason behind foot pain, and you might have to opt for home remedies for foot pain during such instances. Some of the examples of inflammation will be:

  • Bursitis
  • Blisters
  • Bunions
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Tendonitis
  • Skin ulceration
  • Vasculitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

Infectious causes:

  • Ingrown toenail
  • Abscess
  • Cellulitis
  • Plantar warts
  • Osteomyelitis

Some other causes:

Apart from the points mentioned already, there are some other causes of foot pain involved too. Some of those are:

  • Loose fragments of cartilage or bone
  • Diabetes
  • Congenital deformities
  • Buerger’s disease
  • Blood clots
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Bone spurs
  • Malignant tumor
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Raynaud’s disease
  • Obesity


When to See Physiotherapist

Even after going for the basic foot pain remedies, if you still cannot get rid of foot pain, it is time to visit a doctor and get some medical supervision immediately. Some of the situations when you need to visit a doctor are:

  • Foot pain because of recent injury
  • The pain came up suddenly and quite severe
  • Cannot place any weight on foot after an injury
  • You have any medical condition interfering with blood flow and high foot pain
  • The area causing pain has an open wound
  • Fever along with foot pain
  • The area that causing the pain is red or has inflammation symptoms


Risks

There are certain conditions, which can increase the risk of muscle stiffness and pain. Some of those are mentioned below:

  • Age Group-especially the elder community.
  • Gender- women suffer more from men, especially older and pregnant women
  • Occupational risk factors – toe deformities, plantar fasciitis, Adult acquired flat foot, Tarsal tunnel syndrome, Stress fractures, and more
  • Sports-related injuries like heel spurs, sesamoiditis, and more.
  • Medical conditions like obesity, diabetes, arch abnormalities, foot fracture, heel spurs, and more
  • Smoking

How to Prevent

Following some of the simple tips can prevent your ongoing foot pain. Those options are listed below for your reference.

  • Choosing roomy, comfortable, and well-cushioned shoes
  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Avoiding shoes with higher heels and narrow toe areas
  • Stretching before getting into vigorous exercises
  • Practicing proper foot hygiene
  • Wearing footwear while going outdoor to protect your feet

Even though foot pain is rather common, it is not a normal part of life. You need to get medical help if suffering from foot pain that has not resolved after a week or two or a home remedy.


Treatments

Physical therapists help out people with a sprained ankle with proper foot pain treatment in the safest and non-invasive manner. The time it takes for healing a foot will vary, but you can see some results within 2 to 8 weeks. The physiotherapist will design a specified treatment plan to match your goals.

The therapist will advise you to rest the area by avoiding any extra pain-causing activity. You need to apply ice packs for 15 to 20 minutes every 2 hours. Sometimes, the therapist might opt for diagnostic tests to understand the issue from the core before offering medication. Best foot exercises and massages will be given to get rid of the foot pain.

Related Conditions

Apart from the basic foot pain, therapists can treat ligaments, muscles, and tendons surrounding your ankle. If you are facing trouble with your heel region, get it treated by a physiotherapist.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is there any treatment for foot pain?

Applying ice compression on the sprained area can help get some relief. For persistent pain, it is time to visit a doctor.

What is the best medicine for foot pain?

Oral analgesic medicines will be the first choice for quick foot pain relief. NSAIDs are also highly recommended to reduce inflammation at the same time.

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