Post surgery rehabilitation

What is Post Surgery Rehabilitation?

Post-surgery rehabilitation is a program of re-establishing proper joint movements, muscle strength around the joint and joint function. It is vital to understand that rehabilitation is one long procedure. Even though surgery can be performed within hours, the rehabilitation will need months and even a year. The difference between the surgery’s length and time needed for Post-surgery rehabilitation is huge.

Whenever a patient undergoes cartilage surgery or the shoulder, ankle or knee, it is going to be a long recovery procedure. So, it is vital that the patient remains committed to the entire procedure. However, the timeframe of a year for recovering is just an example. The actual time frame will depend on various factors.

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Types of Post-Surgery Rehabilitation

Primarily speaking, there are three major types of rehabilitation therapies available, and those are speech, physical and occupational. Each rehabilitation form will serve the unique purpose of helping people to reach full recovery. But, all will share the main common goal of helping patients to return to their active and healthy lifestyles.

Rehabilitation therapy will be used for treating wide ranges of conditions or injuries. Common conditions treated will include musculoskeletal and orthopedic injuries like stairs, sprains, tears, or post-surgical rehabilitation. Then you have other neurological injuries like spinal cord or brain injury, stroke, or multi-trauma injuries as a result of the accident.

Reputed physiotherapists will also treat the most common conditions like degenerative diseases, genetic disorders, and specialized conditions too. They will treat patients of all ages, from newborns to the oldest patient.

The goal of such rehabilitation therapy will vary from one person to another. Physiotherapists will ask every patient about their rehabilitation goals first before developing pain. It might include multiple therapy types like music or recreational, speech, physical or occupational. It might even include various treatment techniques like manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, modalities for pain relief, neurological re-education, and more as some of the treatment strategies.

When to See A Physiotherapist

Post-operative physiotherapy or rehabilitation is vital for patients who are undergoing surgeries related to cancer, cardiac, orthopedic, and other critical surgeries. Using a wide range of exercises, physiotherapists will help the patients to regain strength and movement of the muscle to perform some routine tasks whenever possible. Physical exercises like straight leg raise, knee straightening exercises, ankle pumps, quadriceps sets, and more are highly recommended to help patients in re-establishing the joint motion, the strength of the muscle, flexibility, and full joint movement.

Some advanced exercises like assisted knee bends and standing knee bends are highly recommended for building functionality and optimal strength when the patient regains independence for a shorter distance.

Risks of Post-Surgery:

After going through any surgery, there are certain risks involved to reduce the speed of recovery. Learning about those points beforehand will help you to get rid of issues in no time.

  • Primary hemorrhage or reactionary hemorrhage – replacing blood loss and might have to re-explore the wound.
  • Basal atelectasis or minor lung collapse
  • Shock- resulting in pulmonary embolism or septicemia, acute myocardial infarction, blood loss
  • Lower urine output or inadequate fluid replacement after the surgery took place
  • Acute confusion excluding sepsis and dehydration
  • Vomiting and nausea tendency related to anesthesia
  • Fever
  • Secondary hemorrhage as a result of infection
  • Pneumonia
  • Anastomosis or wound dehiscence
  • DVT
  • Accurate urinary retention
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Postoperative wound infection
  • Pressure sores
  • How to Prevent Post-Surgery Rehabilitation
  • Post-Surgery Rehabilitation Treatments

How to Prevent Post-Surgery Rehabilitation

Bone, muscle, and soft tissue-related surgeries will undergo a healing period. Failing to use the joint might cause it to heal in an improper manner. This can further limit the motion range, joint function, flexibility, and overall outcome of the surgery. So, it is always essential to complete physical therapy after the operation. It helps in speeding up the healing process and regains confidence once again.

Post-Surgery Rehabilitation Treatments

You can either opt for inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation treatments. First, it is vital to define the difference between these two therapies. Inpatient rehabilitation refers to therapy or treatment that patients receive in the clinic or hospital before being discharged. For example, a patient who has gone through amputation, stroke, suffer a brain injury, or has experienced spinal cord injury will need inpatient therapy for recovering to a point where they can go home safely.

On the other hand, outpatient rehabilitation therapy means treatment received when not admitted to a clinic or hospital. Outpatient therapy will present a blend of services from speech pathologists to psychologists, physical therapists, or occupational therapists. The outpatient services are perfect for wide ranges of conditions like neck and back pain, cancer, psychological disorders, neurological disorders, pre-and post-natal issues, to name a few.

Related Conditions

The post surgery rehabilitation primarily aims to reinstate lost mobility in the body after a surgical procedure took place through some exercises and sessions. The conditions that can be treated by the best physiotherapists will include total hip replacement, total knee replacement, and spine surgeries. Proper rehabilitation will build muscle strength and improve the posture and balance of the body. It is one proven way to reduce pain with multiple manual therapies, which is vital for strengthening disused and weakened muscles.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is post-operative rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is the post-surgical program to re-establish joint motion, muscle strength surrounding the joint, and finally focusing on the joint function.
Why is rehab vital after surgery?
Proper post-operative rehabilitation will help in improving movement in any part of the body where you had the surgery. It is important for strengthening the muscles and reduces pain.
How long will the rehab last after surgery?
Typically speaking, it will take around 6 to 8 weeks for the soft tissues to heal. So, you have to participate in post-operative rehabilitation for that period of time. Based on surgery, the rehabilitation can take place outpatient or inpatient or can be a combination of both.

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