Osteoarthritis is a long-lasting and chronic condition of the joint where the cartilage ruptures, and causes the joints to rub, resulting in pain. The cartilage covers the surface of the bones and its damage, stiffness, pain, and various other symptoms. It is a common condition affecting different joints in the body but mostly occurs in the weight-bearing joints of the knee and the feet. Most people may develop the condition with old age when the joints also age, although they may not know it.
The changes due to this condition may develop gradually over several years. Injury or inflammation in the joint may cause changes in the bones, cause damage to the tendons and ligaments, and break down the cartilage, resulting in swelling, pain, and deformity of the joint. It affects the thumb, spine, knees, hips, fingers, and toes at the primary stage. Cartilage rupture in the secondary stage may cause gout, rheumatoid arthritis, infectious arthritis, or genetic joint disorders.
Osteoarthritis is a long-lasting and chronic condition of the joint where the cartilage ruptures, and causes the joints to rub, resulting in pain.
The symptoms of the condition may develop gradually and worsen over time. The commonest symptoms are:
The structure of the joint loses stability and becomes weakened over the period.
The cause of the condition is not prominent, but the primary causes are:
People with this condition need to consult with physical therapists immediately after diagnosis to stay active and independent. They assess the condition of patients and:
The treatment options of physiotherapists may include:
Staying active is an integral part of managing osteoarthritis. Often people dread exercises and think that they might worsen the damage or increase the pain. Exercises increase the fitness level and help in maintaining a healthy weight.
It is a degenerative joint disease that worsens over time, and the possible complications linked to this disease are:
It may not be possible to control the risks of this condition but managing them can help in preventing them.
There is no cure for this condition. Mild to moderate symptoms can be managed with medicinal and non-medicinal treatments. The treatment options are:
Surgery helps to restore joint functions and relieve pain when all the other options fail.
Several disorders may affect the bones and joints, such as rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, spondyloarthritis, gout, lupus, and bursitis. A professional physiotherapist can help manage pain and other symptoms.