Sprains and strains can cause moderate to acute pain usually, resulting from injuries. While sprains refer to ligament injuries, strains cause injuries to tendon or muscle due to force, stretching, or over activities. The treatment for sprains and strains begin with stopping all activities and exercise.
Apart from this, you must stop putting any weight on the injury. The doctor can also ask you to apply an ice pack for twenty to thirty minutes every two to three hours. Apart from this, wrapping a bandage around the injury also provides support.
The treatment for sprains and strains include therapeutic exercises that help stretch and strengthen the muscles around the affected areas. Besides, experts also recommend joint mobilization techniques and the application of heat, ice, and electrical stimulation. The affected area must stay at a level higher than the heart to reduce swelling. However, for excruciating pain and inflammation that victims experience initially, the doctors recommend NSAID’s to get relief.
During physical examination, the doctor tries to find out tenderness and inflammation in the affected areas. The exact location and the nature of the pain determine the damage due to sprains and strains. However, before starting the treatment for sprains and strains, the doctors can ask you to undergo the following diagnostic tests.
The X-rays helps in eliminating bone injury or fracture, if any. It is a painless procedure in which X rays beams pass over the affected area of the body to produce an image of the structures, especially the bones. The X-ray is a painless test that gets over within twenty minutes to half an hour.
When the X-ray image is not clear and does not reveal the signs of injury, the doctor can recommend an MRI scan. During the scan, the magnetic fields produce images of bones, muscles, and tissues. Besides, the MRI scan also reveals whether the ligament is completely or partially torn or if any other injury is causing pain. Often, an X-ray may not make the fracture clearly visible, making MRI a better technique of diagnosis.
The doctors also recommend an ultrasound to determine tears around the tendon. In this method of diagnosis, high-frequency sound waves create images of the soft tissues and tendons.
People with pacemakers who are not suitable for MRI can go for a CT scan to get a detailed image of the area of the injury.
Sprains and strains are injuries caused due to several reasons, such as twists ad falls. However, both injuries can be acute and cause a great deal of pain and inflammation. Physiotherapy focuses on reducing the symptoms and restoring the functionality of the affected area. To facilitate the process of healing, the physiotherapist suggests compression and bracing. Usually, the treatment option depends on the degree of sprain and strain.
The Graston technique is a metal instrument-aided technique of soft tissue mobilization and focuses on muscle work to facilitate healing in patients suffering from sprains and strains.
Manual physical therapy is the general approach in which skilled therapists use specific techniques, such as mobilization and manipulation, to determine the condition of the soft tissues and carry out the treatment. They also treat the pain in the joint structures to reduce pain. Manual therapy aims to enhance the propensity of motion, assist in relaxing the area, improve tissue repair and make the victim more flexible.
Ultrasound therapy uses high-frequency sound waves for stimulating the tissue beneath the surface of the skin. The therapist applies gel on the affected area and uses a transducer to apply the ultrasound waves as it minimizes friction and aids in the application.
The physiotherapist also focuses on exercise programs to allow the victims to return to daily activities and encourage a healthy and active lifestyle. Generally, the exercise programs focus on the extent of the injury and the present stage of healing. Stretching, conditioning, balance, strengthening and motion exercises are a few of the movements that help.
The Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation is a medical device that helps in managing acute pain due to strains and sprain. In this procedure, the device sends safe and small electric stimulation through electrodes in the area of the pain to provide relief.
Heat or thermotherapy is a procedure that focuses on heat application on the soft tissues to reduce stiffness and relieve pain. It also helps in relieving muscle spasms and increases the flow of blood to enhance the healing process. While dry heat acts on the surface of the skin, moist heat penetrates deep inside and provides relief.
The therapeutic exercises help in stretching and strengthening the muscles involved in strains and sprains and the surrounding muscles. Apart from this, the therapists also focus on soft tissue movement to break up the scar and fibrous tissue and insist applying heat and ice to control pain and swelling.
At Physio Tattva, we have trained and experienced and trained physical therapists to deal with Sprains And Strains Treatment more effectively. Sometimes, the physical therapists conduct intense therapy sessions to provide relief from excruciating pain due to sprains and strains. They know which technique to apply for treating sprains and strains suitably. You can get a great deal of help from the expert therapists of Physio Tattva.
To book an appointment with Physio Tattva , all you need to do is to fill the form online to complete the registration process. You can also call us to get the slots for the therapy sessions. The procedure is easy and quick.
The best treatment for sprains and strains is rest and relaxation to prevent further damage to the affected area. However, physical therapy is highly effective or dealing with pain and inflammation due to sprains and strains.
While a sprain is an injury affecting groups of tissues connecting two bones, the strain involves injury to the tissue groups or muscles that attach the bones to muscles.