Shortness of breath is a symptom noted for different conditions, such as infection, injury, allergy, inflammation, or metabolic disorders. The medical term for this condition is known as dyspnea. Generally, the condition occurs when the brain sends signals to the lungs for enhancing the frequency of breathing. The condition may occur suddenly or may take place less frequently. You may feel tightness around the chest and gasp for air during shortness of breath.
If you suffer from shortness of breath, the physician examining you tries to determine whether you can inhale or exhale completely. They can also check for any obstruction in the airway or whether the passage of the airway has narrowed or tightened. If the doctor diagnoses a serious health condition, he or she may recommend suitable treatments. Usually, the treatment for shortness of breath depends on the underlying health conditions or the causes triggering the occurrence. Physical therapies can provide effective relief from shortness of breath.
Before starting the treatment for shortness of breath, the doctors need to determine the exact reason for the condition. Once you visit a doctor for dyspnea, they can ask you a few questions to know the medical history. Besides, they are likely to listen to the sounds of the heart and lungs to find out whether anything unusual is making you gasp for breath. Depending on the initial diagnosis, the doctor can recommend the following tests.
The chest X-Ray reveals whether a person suffering from shortness of breath has pneumonia or any other problem of the heart and lungs. The X-ray can get over within fifteen to twenty minutes, and it is painless. Generally, a radiology technician performs an X-ray of the chest.
The electrocardiography or EKG can be conducted in a hospital or clinic. In this test, the technician attaches electrodes to the chest with tape or gel, and a machine assesses the electrical impulses that cause the heart to beat. The EKG report tells the doctor whether there is an obstruction in the blood flow to the heart, causing shortness of breath.
Spirometry is a standard test procedure that diagnoses the functionality of the lungs and measures the airflow in and out of the lungs. During the test, you may need to sit and breathe into a portable machine called a spirometer that records the amount of air you inhale and exhale. Spirometry can also account for the speed with which you breathe. The test diagnoses whether you have COPD, restrictive lung disease, asthma, or any other disease affecting the lungs.
The oxygen test or pulse oximetry is a procedure in which the technicians place a sensor on the finger that detects the oxygen level with the help of light. It is a non-invasive test.
The doctor examining you can also recommend blood tests to determine allergy, anemia, or kidney, liver, and heart problems.
Physiotherapy can help individuals overcome bouts of dyspnea and allow them to prepare for such attacks in the future. Besides, it also offers self-management strategies, allows an individual to control the symptoms, includes exercises to reduce shortness of breath, helps calm the person suffering from shortness of breath, and enhances the tolerance to exercises. Here are a few effective physiotherapy treatments used for tackling shortness of breath.
Pranayama breathing is a controlled technique of breathing based on yoga. It leverages rectifying the breathing technique to deliver oxygen to the brain and blood effectively. The technique involves pauses in the breathing cycle and focuses on the significance of exhalation.
Percussion is a manual technique that respiratory physiotherapists use to clear the secretions in the secretions in the chest or phlegm. In this method, they apply a clapping motion on the chest wall in a specific rhythm with cupped hands to make the secretions loose.
The Active Cycle of Breathing Technique involves alternating depths of breathing to push the phlegm from the airways at the lung bases to the larger airways at the top for effective clearing of phlegm through coughing and huffing. It consists of four different stages
Postural drainage is a technique of physiotherapy in which large quantities of secretions on the chest mobilizes in people suffering from respiratory conditions. It focuses on the gravity effects to push the secretions from different segments of the lungs to the central airway.
The exercises programs promote the general health of an individual and include techniques such as mobilizing, strengthening, stretching and aerobics. With cardiovascular exercises, individuals can restore their normal routine quickly.
Physio Tattva is one of the most reputed physiotherapy clinics offering treatment for shortness of breath. Our trained physiotherapists deal with the problem of each patient and recommends solutions. We listen to the problems of patients at first before recommending suitable diagnostic tests to determine the exact reason for dyspnea.
Our trained experts conduct physiotherapy in different modules and decide the techniques to apply based on the condition of the patient. We have already discussed a few physiotherapy techniques above to help you develop a better understanding.
Booking an appointment with Physio Tattva is easy. Our website includes phone numbers and email. So, you can call us to fix the appointment or choose the online booking process. To make the appointment, you can fill the form to book the time slot and date of your preference.
The physiotherapists teach you the correct breathing technique, such as inhalation through the nose and exhalation through the mouth, along with diaphragmatic breathing to enhance the oxygen capacity of the lungs.
You can practice deep breathing or thoracic expansion exercises to keep your lungs healthy.