A stroke-or-cerebrovascular-accident-cva occurs when there is a sudden interruption in the blood flow and nutrient supply to a part of your brain. The brain cells do not receive the optimum oxygen and begin to die within minutes. As it is a medical emergency, prompt treatment is crucial.
Usually, the blood flow to the brain stops if there is a blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. Unless you receive medical attention at the earliest, severe damage to the brain can lead to some long-term disability. The outcome can be fatal too.
A stroke or cerebrovascular-accident occurs when there is a sudden interruption in the blood flow and nutrient supply to a part of your brain.
The onset of the symptoms of stroke is sudden and quick. So you need to watch out for any person showing the following symptoms. If you face such a situation, it will be better to rush to the medical facility as fast as possible.
Clots or thrombosis can block an artery to the brain. Blood clots occur inside the blood vessels when the diameter of the vessel gets narrower due to atherosclerosis or hardening of the artery. Atherosclerotic plaque is the deposit of calcium and cholesterol on the arterial wall. The blood clot or the plaque can break loose, travel along with the circulatory system, and lodge in the cerebral artery, thus stopping blood flow. Cerebral hemorrhage or bleeding in the brain due to widening or weakening of artery can also be the cause of the stroke.
The symptoms of stroke vary depending on the affected part of the brain and the individual's health condition. To recognize the symptoms faster, you should remember the acronym "FAST."
A complete physical examination is essential to check your strength, speech, vision, reflexes, and senses. The doctor will also check for a particular sound in the blood vessels of the neck. The bruit sound indicates abnormal blood flow. A blood pressure check is also mandatory.
Certain factors elevate your risk of experiencing a stroke.
By now, you know the risk factors that increase the possibility of suffering from a stroke. But there are various measures for preventing the condition. So here are the ways that will help to reduce the risk.
The healthcare provider may prescribe medicines for preventing the stroke-or-cerebrovascular-accident-cva if the doctor knows that you are at risk. The blood-thinning medication works the best to prevent clot formation.
The active treatment plan for stroke includes surgery, medicines. And rehabilitation. Depending on the type of stroke, the medical practitioner will decide the treatment plan. There are three stages of the treatment.
Recovery from a major stroke will be a long process as the condition can have several effects. Some of these effects are even irreversible. The related conditions include
So after having the stroke, it is essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Sometimes, acupuncture and yoga practices can help bring back sensation in the numb areas of the body. Muscle weakness and depression are very common as it is difficult to accept a sedentary lifestyle. But if you can follow the doctor's suggestions and start working on each aspect of the recovery process, you can get well soon.