What is Myasthenia Gravis MG?
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a rare but very dangerous autoimmune neuromuscular disease. This chronic condition causes the patient’s muscles to weaken. It primarily impacts the skeletal muscles. Since these muscles are responsible for skeletal movement, people with MG often experience severe fatigue and mobility issues. Millions across the world live with this condition. But, there’s no permanent cure, and the condition often goes undiagnosed. Thankfully, there are treatments to control the signs and symptoms of this condition.
Physiotherapy, in particular, can eliminate or alleviate symptoms such as weakness of limb muscles, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, inability to chew/swallow, and breathing difficulties. MG can affect people of all ages. But, it's more prevalent in young women (under the age of forty) and old men (over the age of sixty). Consistent therapeutic care can enable patients diagnosed with this condition to lead reasonably normal lives and enjoy normal life expectancies.
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a rare but very dangerous autoimmune neuromuscular disease. This chronic condition causes the patient’s muscles to weaken. It primarily impacts the skeletal muscles.
The main symptom of MG is muscle weakness. This symptom worsens whenever affected muscles are used. But, they also become better with rest and physiotherapy. In the long run, this symptom progresses over time, causing patients to lose control of their voluntary muscle groups. Some other common symptoms include:
This condition manifests whenever there are communication breakdowns between nerves and muscles.
People with damaged thymus gland issues can also suffer from similar effects. Tumors growing in these glands impact antibody production in nerve cells. In highly rare cases, children are born with congenital myasthenic syndrome. This is the rarest version of this condition. It’s called neonatal myasthenia gravis. Thankfully, prompt diagnosis and treatment can help children with such inherited genetic mutations recover quickly.
People who know they have MG must-visit physiotherapists and doctors regularly. This condition evolves with time, and so should the treatment plans. Patients who aren’t aware of this condition should speak with medical experts if they have difficulties -
Make sure to visit a licensed physiotherapist or a doctor to avoid the risk of myasthenic crisis. This is a condition where muscle failure seeps into the patient’s chest and diaphragm. These failures reduce their ability to breathe. These crises are often triggered by outside factors like stress, post-surgery infections, etc. To prevent total respiratory failure, physiotherapists administer various breathing therapies.
As stated before, the symptoms of MG can worsen due to external factors such as:
Apart from a myasthenic crisis, other complications that may arise from this condition are:
There are no surefire ways of preventing this condition. People who already have this condition can take these steps to avoid aggravations:
Neurological Physiotherapy treatment helps MG patients. Top physiotherapists can create customized treatment plans that improve the patient’s energy levels and overall sense of well-being. Some helpful treatment steps include –
Here are disorders and conditions that have symptoms similar to those of MG: hypothyroidism, spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, and Graves’ ophthalmology. Plasmapheresis and immunoglobulin therapies can help such patients.