The fundamental meaning of arthritis is inflammation in the joints. But the medical term can describe almost 200 health conditions that affect the joints of your body. It is a common disorder that causes excruciating pain and inflammation. If you are suffering from the condition, it must be difficult for you to move around or stay active for a prolonged period.
The symptoms of arthritis develop over time, but they may appear suddenly too. It is one of the most commonly seen conditions in older adults, especially in the age group above 65. But it can also develop at an early stage in children, teenagers, and younger adults. Surprisingly, the condition is more common in women than men and also in people who are overweight.
The symptoms of arthritis develop over time, but they may appear suddenly too. It is one of the most commonly seen conditions in older adults, especially in the age group above 65.
When you suddenly notice a decrease in the range of motion of your joints, you have to be very cautious. It can be an early symptom of the onset of arthritis. Some of the common symptoms of the medical condition are:
It is essential to receive accurate medical treatment as soon as you find difficulty moving the joints, especially the knee joints or the shoulder joints.
To understand the underlying causes of arthritis, you need to know about cartilage. It is a flexible but firm connective tissue present at the joints, connecting bones to the muscles. The chief function of cartilage is to absorb the pressure and shock generated at the joints as you move and exert stress on these joints. A significant reduction in the standard amount of cartilage will cause some form of arthritis.
There are two common types of arthritis. Here, there are details of the causes of each type.
This is perhaps the most commonly reported problem that causes wear and tear to the joint’s cartilage. The membrane acts as a cushion at the ends of the bones to allow frictionless motion. But damages or injuries can result in the grinding of the bones, causing tremendous pain and much limitations in the movement. It may take years to cause such a condition, or it can arise early due to injuries and infection.
This is a painful condition where your immune system turns against you. The immunological cells attack the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane enclosing all the parts of a joint. The synovial membrane or this lining will show inflammation and swelling. The disease can eventually destroy the bones and cartilage within the joint.
You should know about the symptoms well, for, at the very onset of any symptom, you should rush to the primary physician and subsequently to the orthopedic. Diagnosis is the initial requirement, and it is vital to know which type of arthritis you have. Sometimes, when you have severe symptoms, the physician can directly recommend a rheumatologist. It will lead to a faster diagnosis.
The serious problem of the joints can lead to complications. So you should be aware of whether you are in the high-risk zone for having the symptoms.
As there is no cure for the disease, you should try to prevent it. The best ways to prevent arthritis include:
Treatments can only help to minimize the symptoms and provide some relief from the pain. Conservative treatments include:
Mental anxiety and depression are common in patients as arthritis can completely restrict the locomotory power of a person. Obesity can result from the condition if it is not already the cause of the issue. To remain strong, active and healthy, you have to maintain a healthy lifestyle and add nutritious foods to your diet. Deficiency of Vitamin D is also a related condition, more common in women.