Scoliosis is a physical disorder where the spinal cord shows sideways curvature. The condition usually shows up when you are a child or teenager. The angle of the curve is small, moderate, or large. Doctors diagnose the condition when the rotation angle of your spine is anything that measures more than 10 degrees. Orthopedics use the letters “S” or “C” to describe the nature of the curve.
Scoliosis is a physical disorder where the spinal cord shows sideways curvature. The condition usually shows up when you are a child or teenager.
If you have the disorder, you will learn when you stand. There will be other symptoms like:
In most cases, the spine will also twist or rotate along with the side curving. The rotation will make the muscles and ribs on one side of the body top stick out prominently than those on the other side. In addition, visible symptoms include:
Some types of scoliosis have specific causes. Doctors divide these curves into two primary categories- structural and non-structural.
In non-structural conditions, the spine will normally work, although curvature is visible. It can happen owing to various reasons like
In structural disorder, the curvature is rigid and irreversible. The causes are:
It is mandatory to go to the doctor, preferably an orthopedic, if you notice the signs of scoliosis in your child. Mild curves can gradually develop without your knowledge, as the gradual appearance does not cause any discomfort at the beginning. But as the child grows into the teens, there can be an onset of pain. You should not ignore if the kid complains of back pain or stiffness.
There are myriad risk factors for developing the common types of scoliosis. These are:
There is no proven fact about the ways to prevent the condition. However, you can follow a few precautionary steps to minimize the chances of developing the curvature by injury.
The treatment plan will depend on numerous factors like:
Primary treatment options include bracing and surgery.
The brace can control the curvature at growing age when the rotation is more than 25 to 40 degrees. Early detection can prevent further curvature through the use of braces. If you wear the braces for a long period, it will control the deformation. There are two types of braces:
Surgery is the only treatment option for scoliosis where the curve is greater than 40 degrees. Spinal fusion is the standard way of surgery. The doctor will fuse the vertebrae together using rods, screws, and bone grafts in this surgery. The bone grafts consist of bone-like material or genuine bone. The rods will keep the spine straight, and the screws will hold the vertebrae in place.
If the curvature is mild or moderate, it may not interfere with everyday activities and functions. But when the condition is severe, there can arise physical limitations. Constant pain will be your companion as the curvature can worsen with age.
Living with scoliosis can be challenging. Mental stress often leads to depression when the increasing deformation begins to affect your mobility. It is better to seek out support groups who can help you manage the pain and live a better life. You get to meet with others experiencing similar or even worse symptoms. It will encourage you to deal with the condition on a daily basis.