The Role of Physiotherapy Management for Knee Pain

KNEE PAIN AND PHYSICAL THERAPY MANAGEMENT

Introduction:

The knee joints consists of an articulation between four bones : the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. There are four compartments : The medial and lateral tibia femoral compartments, The patella femoral compartment and the superior tibiofibular joint. The components of each of these compartments can suffer from repetitive strain, injury or disease.

TYPES OF KNEE PAIN

● Acute knee pain

● chronic knee pain

                                   Acute knee pain

Acute knee pain can be caused by an acute injury or infection. Chronic knee pain is open from injuries or inflammation (such as arthritis) But can also be caused by infection.

                                  Chronic Knee Pain

Temporary Knee pain is different from chronic knee pain. Many people experience temporary knee pain as a result of an injury or accident. Chronic knee pain rarely goes away without treatment, and it is not always attributable to one incident. It’s most often the result of several causes or conditions.

Risk factors:

● Age

● Gender

● BMI

● Occupation

● Family history of OA

● History of knee injury

Common causes of knee pain

● Osteoarthritis

● Tendinitis

● Tendinitis

● Bursitis

● Gout

● Baker’s cyst

● Dislocation

● Meniscus tear

● Torn ligament

Consultation

If you are experiencing knee pain, you should immediately consult a nearby physiotherapy doctor. Visiting your doctor and seeking treatment for knee pain should be your first step, because if untreated, the condition may worsen.

Treatment

Knee pain treatment is a pain relief method that can help a lot of people with their knee pain. There are a variety of treatments for knee pain prescribed by experienced physiotherapists that helps you in getting back to the activities you love. The pain relief methods include physical therapy, heat therapy, ice therapy, etc.

● Medication

● injections

● surgery

● physiotherapy

Physiotherapy management for knee pain:

Physical therapy can help to reduce pain, swelling, and stiffness of knee joint and it helps to improve knee joint function. It can also make it easier for us to walk , Bend, Kneel, squat and sit.

Physiotherapy treatment in knee pain:

●     Cryotherapy

●     physiotherapy

●     hydrotherapy

●     manual therapy

●     electro therapy

●     exercise therapy

Cryotherapy: also known as Cold therapy is the local or general use of low temperature in medical therapy. Cryotherapy used to treat variety of tissue damage medically called lesions.

Hydrotherapy: also known as hydropathy and also called and water cure is a part of alternative medicine, in a particular of naturopathy, occupational therapy and physiotherapy that involves use of water for pain relief and treatment. Therapeutic purpose to stimulate blood circulation and treat the symptoms of certain disease.

Manual therapy: or manipulative therapy is a physical treatment used by physical therapist, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, Chiropractor, osteopathic physician to treat musculoskeletal pain and disability. It mostly includes kneading and manipulation of muscle and joint mobilisation and joint manipulation.

Electrotherapy: it is the use of electrical energy as a medical treatment. Electro therapy is used in physical therapy for relaxation of muscle spasm, prevention and retardation of disuse atrophy, increase of local blood circulation, muscle rehabilitation and re-education electrical muscle stimulation maintaining and increasing range of motion. It is also helpful in management of post-traumatic acute pain, post-surgical acute pain, immediate post-surgical is stimulation of muscle to prevent venous thrombosis, wound healing and drug delivery.

These are in the form of: TENS, IFT, & UST.

Exercise therapy:  Is a regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribe for specific therapeutic goals. It purpose to re-storation of the normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain above and below the site of injury caused by disease or injury through Neuro re-education gait training and therapeutic activities.  

There are various physical activities to perform in exercise function quadriceps exercise, VMO, muscle strengthening, resistance Ex,Assistive exercises etc .

Rehabilitation at Physio Tattva:

The management has new Recent advances for pain management, muscle strengthening and restorations of muscle function. Example:

Pulsed electro magnetic field (PEMF): Therapy is a safe, and non-invasive way to reduce pain and inflammation.

Super inductive system (SIS): Using healing effects of the high-intensity electromagnetic field, represent a treatment of the painful conditions of the neuro muscular and joint skeletal system. Ingenious applicator construction allow for therapy delivering without need of direct  skin contact and with patience and therapist comfort in mind.

Laser therapy: It is known as a light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A laser light is monochromatic, collimated and coherent. Laser therapy effect on connective tissue cells, accelerate connective tissue repair and act as an anti-inflammatory agent. Laser with different wavelengths, varying from 632 to 904 nm, used in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.

Conclusion

In conclusion, physiotherapy is a great way to treat knee pain. It is ideal for people who suffer from knee pain and want to avoid surgery. It is also a good option for those who have had surgery and want to avoid further surgery. With physiotherapy management for knee pain treatment options, people can be back to doing the things they love in no time and pain free.

“MOVING ISN’T IMPORTANT, UNTIL YOU CAN’T.”