Ankylosing Spondylitis : Treatment With Physical Therapy

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a rare condition of arthritis, that results in the fusing of bones in the spine, results in difficulty in movement, and reduced flexibility in the spine. It is often found in the lower back region of the spine but can occur near the neck and the ribs.

It implies that the bones, over time, are fused together. This results in stiffness in the neck, lower back, and sometimes in the rib region. This fusion also results in inflammation of the bones and the areas around them, causing pain and discomfort. It can even hamper the movement of the hip and pelvis region.

It is noticeable in people in the age group of 17 and 45, but common around 24. While it may be difficult to cure it completely, Ankylosing Spondylitis can be managed with spondylitis physiotherapy.

Is Ankylosing Spondylitis Preventable

AS is a genetic condition and cannot be prevented. While the exact cause of AS is not known, research suggests that the presence of the protein HLA B27 impacts the immune system in a way where bacteria that is needed is killed, creating a possibility of AS symptoms. This study is still being conducted in-depth and doesn't have conclusive evidence.

With current progress in medical interventions, AS can be treated with medication and physiotherapy and the condition can be managed to a large extent. Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs, braces, and other forms can help reduce pain. Physiotherapy on the other hand can reduce pain, improve movement, increase flexibility and reduce the rate of AS.

When to Seek Medical Advice

AS often results in lack of movement, reduced flexibility, pain in the lower back, and sometimes in the chest. It is best to consult a doctor when you begin to see symptoms such as lower back pain, chest pain, and swelling in the regions of the spine and neck that is not a result of an impact or injury.

In some conditions, people may develop rashes on the skin, reduce weight, and have difficulty breathing. Diagnosis may take time as there are possibilities of you having other conditions that can affect AS such as arthritis.

You can also look out for symptoms such as increased pain at night in the back regions, and fatigue in the mornings followed by stiffness in the shoulder, back, and neck regions. In some cases, there can also be loss of appetite, low bone mass, and degeneration of good posture.

How can Physiotherapy help with Ankylosing Spondylitis?

Physiotherapy for Ankylosing Spondylitis is an effective management method. Since it includes the care of the bones, physiotherapists can help chart out effective manners that allow the same. Heat and Cold therapy can be effective in managing inflammation and reducing pain in the bones. It can also reduce pain in muscles and tendons in the region. 

Exercise for improving flexibility, and movement can be effective as well, which can be made available to the person based on the condition and other factors such as age, medical history, and environment. This can be done as a part of ankylosing spondylitis physical therapy.

Posture training is an effective management technique that can be offered by a physiotherapist that can reduce the risk of injury. Ankylosing spondylitis physiotherapy treatment can also offer valuable insight into the condition, offer knowledge and help identify the condition better and plan an effective roadmap to recovery.

Tips and advice for older Adults

AS can worsen with age and can impact movement and flexibility. Hence it is important to ensure that older adults are on a nutritious diet that increases bone and muscle strength. It is important to engage in activities that improve physical strength and improve lifestyle.

Besides these, it is also important to visit doctors and understand if there are any complications due to AS. This includes regular tests, check-ups, and medical and physiotherapy interventions.

Water therapy can help reduce inflammation and improve the condition.

Active engagement in physiotherapy care such as isotonic exercise, flexibility exercises, and movement exercises can reduce the intensity of the condition and allow the individual to carry on with their daily activities.

It is also important to care for the joints and not engage in strenuous activities that can further deteriorate the condition and cause complications.

In most cases, AS is a non-threatening condition and can be managed with care. Having family members or community interaction and education can help them understand the condition and assist in the management of the condition.

Treatment options at Physio Tattva

At Physio Tattva our goal is to provide the best care possible that is of global standards combining the expertise of experts and state-of-the-art facilities. We offer a comprehensive range of treatment plans that are highly customized to the needs of the individual. Our team works closely with the individual and their close members in order to provide the best care possible.

Our team of specialists is trained to understand the condition well, and with a holistic approach, provide a long-term sustainable treatment plan.